JANUARY 8, 2021 – It only took the Interagency Appraisal and Evaluation Guidelines (IAEG) document being out for a full 10 years for me to be made aware of the difference in Date of Value for Appraisals versus Evaluations. As they say, you learn something every day!
For Appraisals, the IAEG states:
The estimate of market value should consider the real property’s actual physical condition, use, and zoning as of the effective date of the appraiser’s opinion of value. (emphasis added)
In my 35 years of doing appraisals and appraisal reviews, the ‘Date of Value’ has always been the last date the appraiser(s) inspected the subject. Usually, there is only one inspection and that is the Date of Value. Of course, this is for Market Value and Market Value ‘As Is.’ We are not talking about prospective values.
For Evaluations, the IAEG states:
Provide an estimate of the property’s market value in its actual physical condition, use and zoning designation as of the effective date of the evaluation (that is, the date that the analysis was completed), with any limiting conditions. (emphasis added)
‘The date that the analysis was completed’ is what us valuers call the Date of Report. The Date of Report can be the same as the Date of Value, but that rarely occurs. For appraisals, nearly 100% of the time the Date of Report comes after the Date of Value.
In conclusion, the IAEG wording indicates that the Date of Value for an Appraisal is what it has always been. However, the Date of Value for an Evaluation is the Date of Report.
For Evaluations, I have always assumed the Date of Report was also my Date of Value. I am not sure why. I just felt that my analysis did indeed go thru the day I was finishing the Evaluation. So, that was my Date of Value. Blind luck I guess.
As an aside, it has been suggested that Evaluators add an Extraordinary Assumption to their Evaluation Report that assumes no material changes have occurred between the date the subject was inspected and the Date of Report. Probably not a bad idea. I won’t digress into my rant that I don’t like including Appraisal/USPAP items (e.g. Certification, Hypothetical Conditions, Extraordinary Assumptions, et al) in Evaluations. It’s your Evaluation, do what you want to CYA.
Lastly, I have checked with the Regulators and sure enough this is a difference that was overlooked. Hopefully, in the next revision this will be addressed.
Happy New Year!