Tag Archives: CRE

SIGN UP FOR FREE CRE PUBLICATIONS

October 22, 2018 – The Counselors of Real Estate (CRE) has moved its print publications to online formats.  They removed subscription fees and anyone can subscribe for free.

I encourage you to subscribe and to let your peers know about this, too.  I am confident you will find the articles informative.

The web site is https://www.cre.org/

Click PUBLICATIONS and you will see SUBSCRIBE in the drop-down box.  Complete a few items and select one or both publications and hit subscribe and that is it.

Enjoy….

CAN WE END THE DEBATE ON VALUING NATIONAL TENANT RETAIL BUILDINGS

June 29, 2016 – Some people have bucket lists.  I guess I was born to have a list of pet peeves:)

For 25+ years, I have tried to get our industry to identify the correct interest when appraising an existing apartment complex or any property with arm’s-length leases.  It has always been Leased Fee Interest, not Fee Simple Estate.  I can say that finally the majority of appraisers have come to recognize this.  The ‘urban myth’ that we were taught (i.e. if leases are less than 12 months long and/or contract rents are at market, then the interest being appraised is Fee Simple Estate) is almost eradicated.

For 30+ years, I have identified the kitchen and laundry appliances (and any additional common area items that might be in a club house or such) in apartment complexes as FF&E.  Til this day, many appraisers still think refrigerators, stoves/ranges, dishwashers, washing machines, and dryers are real estate!  As a lady on TV many years ago said – Stop The Insanity!

Another item I have been shouting about for almost 25 years is the appraisal of drug stores, big box retailers, and other buildings leased to national tenants.  Capitalizing these leases does NOT yield Market Value of real estate only.  I may have been the only Chief Appraiser that required that the Market Value of Real Estate not exceed the Cost Approach indication with the additional value reflected by the Income and Sales Comparison Approaches having to be identified as an Intangible Asset.  I admit that even allowing the Cost Approach indication to represent real estate value is being way too generous.  These companies usually pay way above market for the land and the cost to build the improvements is absurd – I have seen costs for these basically shell buildings be more than medical office!

FIRREA and FDICIA require that 1) Market Value be of real estate only, and 2) LTV be calculated on Market Value of real estate only.  We all know a shell retail building is not worth $300 or $400/sf as most drug stores have appraised at for 20+ years.  Excluding the inflated land purchase price and using the real value of the land, these properties are lucky to be worth $100/sf in most markets.  Yet, I am sure the vast majority of financial institutions have used the incorrectly stated Market Value provided by appraisers to calculate LTV and base their loan on.  This is similar to those institutions that used, or may still use, Going Concern Value to calculate LTV.

Can we say violation of numerous federal regulations….but I digress.

All of this leads me to two recent articles that I believe finally end this absurd debate.  I highly recommend you find the following articles:

David Charles Lennhoff, CRE, MAI, ‘Valuation of Big-Box Retail for Assessment Purposes: Right Answer to the Wrong Question,’ Real Estate Issues (Volume 39, Number 3, 2014): 21-32.

Stephen D. Roach, MAI, SRA, AI-GRS, ‘Is Excess Rent Intangible?’ The Appraisal Journal (Spring 2016): 121-131.

In my opinion, both authors prove beyond a shadow of a doubt that the excess rent present in almost all drug store, and similar leases, is not indicative of the market value of real estate.  They use both theory and real data to prove their points.  Mr. Roach sums up the logic better than I have ever seen (from page 125 of his article):

  • “By definition, the real estate (a property) can produce market rent, but no more.
  • By definition, excess rent exceeds market rent.
  • By definition, excess rent is created by the contract, not the real estate.
  • By definition, a contract is an intangible asset; it’s not real estate.
  • Therefore, excess rent is intangible.

Each step in the argument is based on long-accepted definitions and concepts of the terminology.”

I challenge all of the Chief Appraisers in the country to step up and require appraisals of these properties to appropriately indicate the Market Value of REAL ESTATE ONLY with the huge additional amount above this figure being termed Intangible Value (or something similar).  It is time both appraisers and lending institutions provide the correct value and LTV.

Plus, this will make the lives of us reviewers easier – it has been frustrating to lower the values 50%-75%+ all of these years!  Of course, we could simply order these appraisals from the two authors above and have slam dunk reviews forever:)

 

COUNSELORS OF REAL ESTATE (CRE) 2015 CONVENTION

October 24, 2015 – Last week I attended the CRE 2015 Convention in Charlotte.  As usual, the conference had a number of prominent speakers discussing significant issues affecting real estate.

If you have not heard of the CRE, I encourage you to visit their web site at www.CRE.org.  Also, the 950+ members have tremendous experience in all facets of real estate.  You should consider contacting them for your more difficult real property challenges.

Below is a list of items I took away from the presentations.  I hope you find these of interest, also.

George R. Mann, CRE

The current immigration event in Europe should add about 1.5% to the European population

This immigration event should lower the average age of Europe – which is aging fast, just like the USA and other developed countries

25%-30% of population growth is due to immigration

Europe is considering lowering the quality of real estate construction – because it cannot afford quality! ((MANN – This supports my belief that the overall decline of our generations, starting with the Millennials and going forward, will result in a long-term decline in quality, intelligence, etc.))

In the USA, the median net worth of people under 35 years old is 8.5% lower than in 2000

In the USA, 15.5% of people under 35 years old work part-time – historically, that was 5.5%

Since 2008, the fastest growing countries by population have been Australia, New Zealand, and Israel

Germany has 80 million people and that will decline by 7 million over the next 50 years

Worldwide, 2.8 Billion (with a ‘B’!) people will move to the cities by the year 2050 !!!!!!!

Currently, there are 5.7 million job openings in the USA – the highest ever

WalMart operates under 65 different names in 28 countries

SuperCenters have replaced all but 650 of the original Discount Stores

There are now 656 Walmart Neighborhood Markets – approx. 40,000 square feet

16 ‘Expresses’ are being tested in North Carolina – approx. 15,000 square feet

Also, WalMart is testing grocery home shopping…you select and purchase your groceries online and then drive to the store and someone loads them in your car

WalMart remodels stores every 5 years

Meier remodels stores every 7-8 years

WalMart and Meier indicated stores cost $80-$130/sf to build.  But, values were around $20-$30/sf !!!  They were very clear that they know their actual costs and any associated leases have NOTHING to do with the value of real estate.  ((MANN – Now, when will appraisers doing bank appraisals start appraising drug stores, auto stores, national restaurants, and so on correctly!!!))

Big Box buildings are simply a tool to sell product; they are not a real estate investment

Development is way down for big box users – e.g. Target was building 150 stores per year in 2006….only 5-10 in 2015; Walgreens was building 500 stores per year in 2006….0 in 2015

Amazon has had a huge affect on retail development

Current retail development is in the 200,000 to 300,000 sf range and are power centers with smaller large tenants than say Lowe’s or Home Depot

PetSmart is now moving towards freestanding properties

Distribution Warehouse will continue to do well due to eCommerce

A sale/leaseback is a financing transaction; nothing to do with market rent as it was not put on the market

Above market leases do NOT increase real estate value ((MANN – Per above, when will appraisers doing bank appraisals realize that the portion of value due to above market rent has to be labeled as Intangible Value or Bond Value or some such name?  Of course, Banks need to be requesting such to make this clear themselves….I have only been doing that since the 1990’s!))

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That’s it for the conference.  Many people have asked me how to pronounce Qui Tam and what the heck it is.

I pronounce it like ‘Key’…so Key Tam.  I see some dictionaries spell the sounding out as Kee Tam or Kwee Tam.

Obviously, the best way to explain what it is is to visit Wikipedia and other sites that Google comes up with.  My attorney’s website also has some information – and, as you will see, they are likely the best Whistleblower Attorneys in the nation.  I will be glad to introduce you to them.  Just give me a yell.

http://www.quitam-lawyer.com/

Lastly, for those of you considering a Qui Tam case, please purchase The Whistleblower’s Handbook by Stephen Kohn.  Like everything on Earth, it is available on Amazon.  It answers every question you might have and provides invaluable instructions on what to do while still employed.

Til next time….